bowie knife

Today, a Bowie knife refers to almost any large, wide-bladed knife with a curved and sharpened tip. The fancy presentation blades often carry some reference to James Bowie, who was famous as the designer of the original knife. Not only are such knives decorative in nature and appearance today, but they are an efficient and comprehensive tool for the outdoorsman, hiker, camper, or anyone who hunts recreationally or for food.

Several features help to make this knife style perhaps the most famous of any type of knife in the history of the United States, at least.

Bowie Knife Size and Dimensions

The first element is the size of the knife. It typically has a blade at least six inches in length and may extend to a foot or more in length. In fact, at this size, it resembled a short sword more than a knife. The width of the blade matches the length of the knife. Usually from one and a half inches to two inches in width. The wide blade makes it usable as a small hatchet or machete for the hunter who needs to chop some wood to get a fire going or clear a spot for a tent or other shelter for the night.


Bowie Knife Curved Tip

For those who hunt, a Bowie knife’s curved tip is ideal for the more delicate work of skinning out the animal while the guard protects the hands. Anglers use the curved tip for cleaning fish and preparing the fillets for a quick dinner over a campfire. Hikers and backpackers appreciate that the Bowie knife is multidimensional in its uses so that additional tools are unnecessary, thus reducing the weight of the backpack or hiking pack. At the same time, the fact that the knife is not double-sided provides for more safety in carrying and using the knife.

Bowie Knife High Carbon Quality Steel

Another positive feature of today’s Bowie knives, just as in the originals made during the 1800s, is the quality of the steel used in the blade. These knives typically use high carbon steel that does not require repeated sharpening to maintain the cutting edge and the flexibility to not snap with the stress of everyday use.

While the qualities of the steel are critical in the reputation of the Bowie knives throughout their history, this is one area where modern science has not yet caught up with the secrets of the original makers. Unfortunately, Black, the blacksmith credited with producing the original knife carried by Bowie and made famous during his lifetime, died before sharing his secrets for the blade strength. His process has not been duplicated even with modern means.

Bowie Knife Decorative Touches

Today’s Bowie knives tend to have more elaborate handles and decorative touches, but the balance and clean lines have not changed much since the originals. High carbon stainless steel blades are joined with composition handles, bone, wood, or metal handles to create a beautiful and practical product. Handles are even embellished with brass, silver, or gold decorative elements.

Final Thoughts

Several companies out there produce both inexpensive and high-end bowie knives for collectors and users alike. Bowie is a name outdoorsman can count on for quality and usefulness no matter what the need.